Normal Anatomy of the Elbow
The arm in the human body is made up of three bones that join together to form a hinge joint called the elbow. The upper arm bone or humerus connects from the shoulder to the elbow forming the top of the hinge joint. The lower arm or forearm consists of two bones, the radius and the ulna. These bones connect the wrist to the elbow forming the bottom portion of the hinge joint.
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Tennis elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis, is a condition characterized by elbow pain due to overuse or overstretching of the elbow. The pain is caused from damage to the tendons that join the forearm muscles to the elbow. Repetitive movement of the elbow causes inflammation of the muscles and tendons that are inserted to the lateral epicondyle (one of the bony protrusions found at the lower end of the arm bone or humerus).
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Golfer’s elbow, also called Medial Epicondylitis, is a painful condition that occurs due to repeated muscle contractions in the forearm causing inflammation and micro-tears in the tendons that attach to the medial epicondyle. The medial epicondyle is the bony prominence that is felt on the inside of the elbow.
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An elbow fracture results from a break or crack in one or more of the bones that make up the elbow joint. There are two types of elbow fractures:
- Extra-articular fractures that include intercondylar fractures, supracondylar fractures, epicondylar fractures, and condyle fractures
- Intra-articular fractures that include trochlea and capitellum fractures, radial head, and proximal ulnar fractures
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Elbow arthroscopy, also referred to as keyhole or minimally invasive surgery, is performed through tiny incisions to evaluate and treat several elbow conditions.
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Elbow Joint Replacement
Elbow Joint Replacement, also referred to as Total Elbow Arthroplasty is an operative procedure to treat the symptoms of arthritis that have not responded to non-surgical treatments.
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